wd and cc

— Happy every day


Posted at — Jul 11, 2006

使 Oracle 安装自动化Oracle Universal Installer 拥有很多自动化过程中可以利用的特性。它采用一个基于 XML的中央信息库,允许第三方应用程序识别安装了那些产品。除了简单安装之外,它还允许将现有 Oracle主目录复制到新的位置。有关该产品的更多信息,请参见 Oracle Universal Installer 概念指南。Oracle 关于软件安装和配置甚至数据库本身的自动化解决方案涉及到一个响应文件 的使用。该文件的用途与 RedHat 的 kickstart 文件相似。用户不是对交互式对话所提出的问题进行交互式回答,而是将回答存储在一个文本文件中,随后 OracleUniversal Installer (OUI) 在运行安装程序时使用该文件。这样的安装称为“静默安装”。OUI用于安装各种应用程序,因此响应文件不限于安装数据库。

  1. 用此命令启动 OUI 来创建响应文件:

  2. 选择您需要的所有部分(源目标目录、主目录、主目录名、产品)。
  3. 当您看到 Summary 屏幕时,不要单击 Install,而是单击 Cancel
  4. 仔细查看在 tmp/recorded.rsp 中创建的结果响应文件。如果需要,可以手动编辑该文件,只要您遵守使用规定的格式即可(请参见文档)。
  5. 现在如下执行静默安装:
如果您由于响应文件中的条目不正确而遇到安装故障,安装将失败并显示一条诊断消息。详细信息可在 oraInventory/logs目录中找到。在每次使用响应文件运行 OUI 时,会创建具有 installActions-<时间戳>.log 和silentInstall<时间戳>.log 格式名称的日志。
还有关于runinstaller的使用参数 Usage: runInstaller [-options] [()*] Where options include: -clusterware oracle.crs, Version of Cluster ready services installed. -crsLocation Used only for cluster installs, specifies the path to the crs home location. Specifying this overrides CRS information obtained from central inventory. -invPtrLoc Unix only. To point to a different inventory location. The orainst.loc file contains: inventory_loc= inst_group=<> -jreLoc Path where Java Runtime Environment is installed. OUI cannot be run without it. -logLevel To filter log messages that have a lesser priority level than . Valid options are: severe, warning, info, config, fine, finer, finest, basic, general, detailed, trace. The use of basic, general, detailed, trace is deprecated. -paramFile Specify location of oraparam.ini file to be used by OUI. -responseFile Specifies the response file and path to use. -sourceLoc To specify the shiphome location. -addLangs To add new languages to an already installed product. -addNode For adding node(s) to the installation. -attachHome For attaching homes to the OUI inventory. -cfs Indicates that the Oracle home specified is on cluster file system (shared). This is mandatory when '-local' is specified so that Oracle Universal Installer can register the home appropriately into the inventory. -clone For making an Oracle Home copy match its current environment. -debug For getting the debug information from OUI. -deinstall For deinstall operations. -detachHome For detaching homes from the OUI inventory without deleting inventory directory inside Oracle home. -enableRollingUpgrade Used in cluster environment, to enable upgrade of a product on a subset of nodes (on which the product was installed). -executeSysPrereqs Execute system pre-requisite checks and exit. -force Allowing silent mode installation into a non-empty directory. -help Displays above usage. -ignorePatchConflicts Ignore all conflicts with existing interim patches during an upgrade. The conflicting interim patches are removed from the home. -ignoreSysPrereqs For ignoring the results of the system pre-requisite checks. -local Performs the operation on the local node irrespective of the cluster nodes specified. -printdiskusage Log debug information for disk usage. -printmemory Log debug information for memory usage. -printtime Log debug information for time usage. -record -destinationFile For record mode operation, information is recorded in the destination file path. -removeallfiles For removing the home directory after deinstallation of all the components. -removeAllPatches Remove all interim patches from the home -silent For silent mode operations, the inputs can be a response file or a list of command line variable value pairs. -updateNodeList For updating node list for this home in the OUI inventory. -waitforcompletion For windows. setup.exe will wait for completion instead of spawning the java engine and exiting. -nobackground Do not show background image -noclusterEnabled No cluster nodes specified. -noconsole For suppressing display of messages to console. Console is not allocated. -nowarningonremovefiles To disable the warning message before removal of home directory. -nowait For windows. Do not wait for user to hit Enter on the console after the task (install etc.) is complete. -formCluster To install the Oracle clusterware in order to form the cluster. -remotecp Unix specific option. Used only for cluster installs, specifies the path to the remote copy program on the local cluster node. -remoteshell Unix specific option. Used only for cluster installs, specifies the path to the remote shell program on the local cluster node. Command Line Variables Usage Command line variables are specified using ; for example: [ session: | compName: | compName:version: ]variableName=" valueOfVariable"] Session/Installer variables are specified using: [session:]varName=value Ex 1: session:ORACLE_HOME_NAME="OraHome" Ex 2: ORACLE_HOME_NAME="OraHome" The lookup order is session:varName then just varName. The session prefix is used to avoid ambiguity. Component variables are specified using: [compInternalName:[Version:]]varName Ex 1: oracle.comp1:1.0.1:varName="VarValue" Ex 2: oracle.comp1:varName="VarValue" The lookup order is compInternalName:Version:varName, then compInternalName:varName, then just varName.
comments powered by Disqus